Population of Zambia 2021
As of 2021, the latest population of Zambia is 17,426,623, based on AllCityPopulation calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||2.89%|
|Birth rate||41.50 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||51.51 years|
|Men life expectancy||49.93 years|
|Women life expectancy||53.14 years|
|65 years and above||2.31%|
|Median age||16.70 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.00|
|Population density||23.15 residents per km²|
|73 ethnic groups (especially Bantu): 36% Bemba, 18% Nyanja (including Chichewa, Nsenga, Ngoni), 15% Tonga (including Lenje, Soli, Ila), 10% Northwest group (Luvale, Lunda, Kaonde), 8% Barotse (including|
|Christians 50% -75%, Muslims and Hindu 24% -49%, indigenous religions 1%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.591|
|HDI ranking||143th out of 194|
People in Zambia
About 14.5 million people live in Zambia, the Zambians. Women in Zambia have an average of 5.3 children. One speaks of a high birth rate. On the other hand, there is also a high death rate among children. Two out of every 100 babies die at birth, four by the age of one and six by the age of five.
On average, people live to be only 52 years old. Almost half of Zambia’s population is under 15 years of age. Very few people live to be older than 65 years. In Zambia too, as in many other South African countries, many people have contracted AIDS. That is why the country’s death rate is so high and why so few people live really old.
Bemba, Tonga and many more
Most of the Zambians belong to the Bantu people. There are many different groups here, 73 in total. The largest group is the Bemba. This includes 21 out of 100 Zambians. 13 out of 100 are Tonga. Chewa live in the east of the country. Lozi (or Rotse) and Nsenga are the next two largest groups. They both live in the south of Zambia. Many other ethnic groups live in the country. Only 1 percent of the population come from Europe and India.
Languages in Zambia
The official language of Zambia is English. This is a legacy from the colonial days when the British ruled here. English is spoken in administration, in schools and on television and radio. In the larger cities, too, many people speak English.
However, the further you go into the country, the fewer people will speak English that you can understand. Here the Bantu peoples speak their own language. Bemba and Nyanja are the most common languages. A total of 43 languages are spoken in Zambia.
Religions in Zambia
Almost all Zambians follow the Christian faith. 75 out of 100 people are Protestants, 20 are Catholics. But many Zambians also live their old natural religions. So it is not a problem to be a Christian, but still believe in the old gods or spirits. The Tumbuka people in the east of Zambia, for example, live the Vimbuza cult with worship of ancestors and spirits as well as ceremonies of possession.