Population of Sudan 2021

As of 2021, the latest population of Sudan is 45,561,556, based on AllCityPopulation calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Population Distribution

Total population 45,561,556
Population growth rate 2.69%
Birth rate 27.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 62.95 years
Men life expectancy 60.93 years
Women life expectancy 65.07 years
Age structure
0-14 years 43.07%
15-64 years 53.95%
65 years and above 2.98%
Median age 19.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.02
Population density 24.48 residents per km²
Urbanization 38.90%
predominantly (approx. 70%) Arab-Islamic population group, Nubian groups; Rasheida and Beja (in the east); Beggara, Fur, Zaghawa (in the west) and others
Sunnis 70% (in the north), indigenous religions 25%, Christians 5% (mainly in the south and Khartoum)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.508
HDI ranking 168th out of 194

People in Sudan

The population figures for Sudan are not so easy to determine, because here there are only figures for the period before 2011, the year of the split from South Sudan, which is now a separate state. Today we assume a number of 42 million people in the north, i.e. in Sudan, and a number of 11 million in South Sudan.

40 out of 100 residents are between 0 and 14 years old. The average age is just 19 years. A woman in Sudan has an average of 4.3 children.

34 out of 100 people live in cities and most of them in the capital Khartoum. Around eight million people live in Khartoum and its suburbs.

Multi-ethnic Sudan

Sudan is a multi-ethnic state in which around 15 larger and many other, smaller ethnic groups live. In the north there are mainly Arabs whose religion is Islam. This includes 70 out of 100 people.

Also predominantly in the north live Nubians and Beggara, who mainly move through the country as nomads with their cattle. For example, the Fur live in the west. The Rashaida and the Bedscha live in the east. In the south-west, the Nuba live in the Nuba Mountains, and they also belong to Islam. And in the south there are also Nilots.

Languages in Sudan

The official languages ​​in Sudan are English and Arabic. Arabic is spoken by around half of the population, especially in the north of the country. But there are also many other languages. Each ethnic group has its own language. Nubian, Bari, Bedscha or Azande are examples.

Religions in Sudan

Most people are of the Islamic faith and have developed their own forms of belief. Many people believe in Allah, but also worship saints or spirits or even the Virgin Mary. That would be unthinkable in other Islamic countries. Followers of other religions also live in the south, such as Christians.

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