South American Countries and Regions
South America is a continent that forms the southern part of the American double continent, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Antarctica to the south and the Caribbean Sea to the north. South America has a land area of approximately 17,840,000 km2, which is almost 3.5 percent of the earth’s total area.
|Population:||382 000 000|
The land border between Colombia and Panama is usually counted as the border with North America, but sometimes it is counted that the border runs along the Panama Canal. Central America is therefore included in North America. In the case of Latin America, the border between Mexico and the United States is drawn instead, as the concept of Latin America is more culturally and linguistically based.
The classification of South America as a continent is debated, as some parts of the world see America as a large continent, and North, Central and South America as subcontinents. In other parts of the world, North and South America are classified as continents, while America is seen as a supercontinent. Classifying South America as a subcontinent, continent, or part of a supercontinent is entirely based on regional preferences.
South America is home to many species of, for example, parrots, bird spiders, insects, snakes and mammals. The tropical rainforest area of the Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest and the world’s richest species, both in terms of plants and animals. The most exceptional example is the insects. New, previously unknown, insect species are still being discovered in the Amazon.
Countries in South America
Regions in South America
The South American subcontinent can be divided into three main areas:
- The Andes as high mountains on the western side of the continent
- Three river plains east of the Andes
- Three mountainous countries east of the Andes
On the west coast lies the Andes, the longest overseas mountain range in the world. The high mountains stretches along the Pacific for over 7500 km from Venezuela to the southern tip of Patagonia. The highest mountain in the Andes, at the same time the highest mountain in South America and the highest mountain outside of Asia, is the Aconcagua at 6961 m. It lies on the border between Argentina and Chile. The Laguna del Carbón, at 105 meters below sea level the deepest point in South America, is located in the San Julian Basin in Patagonia. Cape Horn is usually referred to as the southernmost point of South America.
The largest river level forms the Amazon basin (Amazonia), an equatorial rainforest low level that is drained by the Amazon with its approximately 10,000 tributaries. The Amazon, which flows eastward from the Andes across the entire continent, is the longest river in South America with about 6448 km and the river with the most water on earth. To the north lies the Orinoco Plain, which is bounded to the Amazon basin to the south by the mountainous Guiana and to the north by the Venezuelan coastal mountainous region. Another river level lies in the south of the continent, where the river system from Río Paraguay and Río Paraná from the Pantanal Coming in the north, in the south it merges into a subtropical alluvial landscape.
The mountainous lands are the Guiana Mountainous Country, the Brazilian Mountainous Country, and the Eastern Patagonian Mountainous Country. The mountainous region of Guiana is divided into the rainforest mountainous region of southern Venezuela, the central highlands of Guiana and the eastern mountain region of Guyana, extending between the Orinoco and the Amazon with a maximum elevation of up to 2800 m. The central Brazilian mountain country dominates central South America and extends to the coast of Brazil and the pampas of Argentina in the south. The East Patagonian mountains rise in the east of the Andes at the southern tip of South America.
Where is South America Located?