Largest Cities in Western Sahara

Facts about Western Sahara

Official languages: Arabic
Capital: Laayoune
Area: 266,000 km²
Population: 273,008 residents
Population density: 1.03 residents per km²
Currency: MAD
Internet TLD: .eh
ISO codes: EH, ESH, 732
The telephone code for Western Sahara is +212

In the course of the Western Sahara conflict in 1976, the Sahara Arab Democratic Republic (DARS) was proclaimed (also known as the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic) on the territory of the former Spanish colony of the Spanish Sahara (Spanish Sahara Occidental). The entire area is administered almost exclusively by the occupying power of Morocco. The POLISARIO government in exile is based in Algeria. According to international law, the future of the area designated by the UN as non-independent territory depends on a referendum, on the holding of which no agreement has yet been reached.


Total population 652,271
Population growth rate 2.54%
Birth rate 29.30 births per 1,000 residents
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 61.90 years
Men life expectancy 59.65 years
Women life expectancy 64.23 years
Age structure
0-14 years 36.93%
15-64 years 59.12%
65 years and above 3.95%
Median age 20.90 years
Gender ratio 0.98 M / F
Population density 2.45 residents per km²
Urbanization 93.70%
El Aaiún (El Aaiun) [capital] (F 1990) 139000, Oued edh Dheheb (F 1990) 26000, Smara (F 1990) 24000, Boujdour (F 1990) 10000
Arabs and Berbers
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking

Biggest Cities of Western Sahara by Population

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Laayoune, Western Sahara 196,442 27.1418 -13.188
2 Dakhla, Western Sahara 75,111 23.6848 -15.958
3 Laayoune Plage, Western Sahara 10,561 27.0961 -13.4158

Countries neighboring Western Sahara

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