Largest Cities in Trinidad and Tobago

Facts about Trinidad and Tobago

Official languages: English, French, Spanish, Chinese
Capital: Port of Spain
Area: 5,128 km²
Population: 1.2 million residents
Population density: 239.60 residents per km²
Currency: TTD
Internet TLD: .tt
ISO codes: TT, TTO, 780
The telephone code for Trinidad and Tobago is + 1-868

Trinidad and Tobago Flag

Trinidad and Tobago is a Caribbean island state that includes the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The islands are the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles and are located off the coast of Venezuela.

Christopher Columbus reached the island of Trinidad on July 31, 1498. He named it after the Trinity because of its three distinctive mountain peaks. The name of the island of Tobago is derived from the word tobacco. It was also discovered by Columbus.

In 1797 the British took control of Trinidad. During World War II, Trinidad was the largest allied military base in the Caribbean, as it played an essential role in anti-submarine combat in the Atlantic and the Caribbean. During this time the foundations for today’s infrastructure and industry on the island were created.

In 1958, Trinidad and Tobago became independent from Great Britain as part of the West Indian Federation, the capital of which was Port-of-Spain. But the federation broke up in 1962; on August 31, Trinidad and Tobago finally gained independence. In 1987 Tobago received internal autonomy.

The Pitch Lake in Trinidad is the largest natural asphalt deposits in the world.

The steel pan (steel drum) is the national musical instrument of Trinidad and Tobago. The instrument was invented in the 1930s. The British colonial rulers banned the locals from drumming on African percussion instruments. Therefore the lower class of Trinidad was looking for new ways of musical expression. The first steel pans were made from discarded oil drums, which were in abundance in Trinidad due to the oil industry. The steel pan is one of the few acoustic musical instruments invented during the 20th century and has enjoyed great popularity, particularly in North America and Europe, since its inception.

Biggest Cities of Trinidad and Tobago by Population

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago 67,544 10.5167 -61.4167
2 Mon Repos, Trinidad and Tobago 56,491 10.2798 -61.4459
3 San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago 55,530 10.2797 -61.4683
4 Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 49,142 10.6667 -61.5189
5 Rio Claro, Trinidad and Tobago 35,761 10.3059 -61.1756
6 Arima, Trinidad and Tobago 35,111 10.6374 -61.2823
7 Marabella, Trinidad and Tobago 26,811 10.3062 -61.4467
8 Laventille, Trinidad and Tobago 21,111 10.6492 -61.4989
9 Point Fortin, Trinidad and Tobago 19,167 10.1741 -61.6841
10 Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago 17,869 10.6524 -61.3888
11 Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago 17,111 11.1823 -60.7352
12 Sangre Grande, Trinidad and Tobago 16,079 10.5871 -61.1301
13 Paradise, Trinidad and Tobago 15,178 10.653 -61.363
14 Penal, Trinidad and Tobago 12,392 10.1667 -61.4667
15 Arouca, Trinidad and Tobago 12,165 10.6288 -61.3349
16 Princes Town, Trinidad and Tobago 10,111 10.2718 -61.371
17 Siparia, Trinidad and Tobago 8,679 10.1453 -61.5074
18 Petit Valley, Trinidad and Tobago 8,251 10.6997 -61.5472
19 Couva, Trinidad and Tobago 5,289 10.4225 -61.4675

Trinidad and Tobago: Port of Spain

The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain. That translates to the port of Spain. The Spanish founded a fort here in 1560. The city is located on the north-western coast on the Gulf of Paria. Around 49,000 people live here. Port of Spain is not the largest city in the country because that is Chaguanas with 83,000 inhabitants. However, around half a million people live in the Port of Spain area.

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