Largest Cities in Qatar
Facts about Qatar
Official languages: Arabic, Spanish
Area: 11,437 km²
Population: 840,926 residents
Population density: 73.53 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .qa
ISO codes: QA, QAT, 634
The telephone code for Qatar is +974
Qatar is a state in the Persian Gulf. For centuries, the pearl trade formed the basis for economic success. In 1938 oil was discovered and there was a real oil boom. Throngs of migrant workers were pouring into the country, causing the population to grow and the number of foreigners in the country to outnumber the locals. With the nationalization of the oil companies in 1972, Qatar became the first oil producing country in the Gulf to dispose of 100 percent of its reserves. After Russia and Iran, Qatar has the third largest natural gas reserve in the world, with 1/12 of the world’s gas reserves.
Qatar has been the headquarters of US troops in the Middle East since 1998 and was also the command center in the US war against Iraq in March 2003.
Qatar has developed into the news center of the Arab world. The controversial Arab news channel Al Jazeera, founded in April 1996, is based in Qatar. With Arabsat – a network of communication satellites of the Arab League – a modern transmission medium is also available, which broadcasts the station’s news and information throughout the Arab world.In 1995, Emir Al Thani introduced freedom of the press, but there is massive censorship, especially in publications that are critical of the system.
In 2008 Qatar launched a medium-term development program for an efficient infrastructure under the motto “Qatar National Vision 2030”. With an estimated cost of 50 billion US dollars, the desert state is to be developed into one of the most modern in the world. In 2022, Qatar will host the World Cup.
Tourism in Qatar is only just developing. However, there are a sufficient number of international hotels of different standards and price ranges in the capital Doha. Outside the offer is minimal. There are no particular restrictions on travel within Qatar. However, the Federal Foreign Office recommends that travelers, in view of the ongoing tensions and events in some countries in the Near and Middle East, appear cautious in public and show consideration for the religious, cultural and social traditions of Qatar in their behavior as well as any demonstrations or protest events.
Biggest Cities of Qatar by Population
|2||Ar Rayyan, Qatar||272,576||25.2919||51.4244|
|3||Umm Salal Muhammad, Qatar||29,502||25.4152||51.4065|
|4||Al Wakrah, Qatar||26,547||25.1715||51.6034|
|5||Al Khawr, Qatar||19,034||25.6839||51.5058|
|6||Ash Shihaniyah, Qatar||8,491||25.3709||51.2226|
|9||Madinat ash Shamal, Qatar||5,378||26.1293||51.2009|
|10||Al Wukayr, Qatar||5,257||25.1511||51.5372|
The capital of Qatar is called Doha, which means something like “bay”. It is located directly on the Arabian (Persian) Gulf and, in addition to a large airport and important educational institutions, is home to locations for the country’s fish and oil industry. As the tourist center of Qatar, Doha also has a lot to offer visitors from all over the world, for example the National Museum or the Museum of Islamic Art. Construction is going on in Doha, with hotels, apartment blocks and large shopping centers being built. At the same time, the capital of Qatar is to develop into an education and leisure center in order to find alternatives for the state income through the sale of oil. This means that Doha is also competing with Dubai and Abu Dhabi.