Largest Cities in Lebanon
Facts about Lebanon
Official languages: Arabic, French, English, Armenian
Area: 10,400 km²
Population: 4.1 million residents
Population density: 396.66 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .lb
ISO codes: LB , LBN, 422
The dialing code for Lebanon is +961
Lebanon (officially: Lebanese Republic; Arabic الجمهورية اللبنانية) is a state in the Middle East on the Mediterranean. Lebanon borders Syria to the north and east and Israel along the Blue Line to the south. In the west it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is counted among the Mashrek countries and the Levant. The Lebanon Mountains, which are up to 3000 meters high, are covered in snow in winter. The name of the country, which goes back to the Semitic root lbn (“white”), is derived from its white peaks.
Lebanon gained independence on November 26, 1941, and since 1920 it has been a French mandate. Because of its economic stability and political neutrality (1949–1969), Lebanon, which is strongly influenced by the West and French, was also referred to as the “Switzerland of the Orient” in the 1950s and 1960s. The capital Beirut was known as the “Paris of the Middle East”.
The Syrian conflict is having a negative impact on the security situation in Lebanon. Travelers in Lebanon are advised to exercise particular caution and increased attention.
Biggest Cities of Lebanon by Population
|2||Ra’s Bayrut, Lebanon||1,251,850||33.9||35.4833|
|6||Nabatiye et Tahta, Lebanon||120,111||33.3789||35.4839|
|11||En Naqoura, Lebanon||25,021||33.1181||35.1397|
The capital of Lebanon is called Beirut. This is a name you may have heard before, because unfortunately this name was often mentioned in connection with wars. But you can find out more about this under “History and Politics in Lebanon”. Many of the country’s residents live in Beirut, 40 out of 100 Lebanese live in the city or in neighboring villages.
Other well-known cities in Lebanon are Tripoli, Sidon and Tire, all cities with a long and exciting history. They were founded a long time ago by the Phoenicians and they are all on the coast. Sure, the Phoenicians wanted to get into their boats right away.