Largest Cities in Kyrgyzstan
Facts about Kyrgyzstan
Official languages: Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian
Area: 198,500 km²
Population: 5.5 million residents
Population density: 27.75 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .kg
ISO codes: KG, KGZ , 417
The dialing code for Kyrgyzstan is +996
Kyrgyzstan is a state in Central Asia. In general linguistic usage and in the media in Germany there is a certain lack of clarity about the exact country name. According to the Foreign Office, the official German-speaking country name is Kyrgyzstan. The name Kyrgyzstan and the name Kyrgyzstan, which was common in Soviet times, are also common. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz tried to strengthen their national identity by returning to their Turkish-speaking culture and chose Кыргызстан / Kırgızstan as the country name. This name with the originally Persian ending for region or country “-stan” underlines the cultural relationship with other Turkic-speaking countries such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. It is controversial here whether the correct translation of this designation into German Kyrgyzstan or Kyrgyzstan is. The only official German name of the country used by the Foreign Office is Kyrgyzstan.
Biggest Cities of Kyrgyzstan by Population
|18||Kara Suu, Kyrgyzstan||17,911||40.7046||72.8667|
The capital of Kyrgyzstan is called Bishkek. In the local spelling, this corresponds to Biškek. Bishkek is in the north of the country. The Tian Shan Mountains rise south of the city, while the steppe extends to the north as far as the border with Kazakhstan. Around 930,000 people live in Bishkek. This makes it the largest city in the country.
Originally it was a station on the Silk Road. In 1825 a clay fortress was built here by the Kokand Khanate. It was destroyed by Russian troops in 1862. The Russians then built their own fortress and relocated farmers here. In 1878 the place was called Pischpek. Between 1926 and 1991, when Kyrgyzstan was part of the Soviet Union, the city was called Frunze. That was the name of a close confidante of Lenin’s who was born here. With independence, the Kyrgyz form of the old name was chosen: Bishkek.