Largest Cities in Burundi

Facts about Burundi

Official languages: French, Kirundi
Capital: Bujumbura
Area: 27,830 km²
Population: 9.9 million residents
Population density: 354.41 residents per km²
Currency: BIF
Internet TLD: .bi
ISO codes: BI, BDI, 108
The telephone code for Burundi is +257

Flag of Burundi

The unusual flag of Burundi was adopted on March 28, 1967. Its central motif is a white St. Andrew’s cross and a white circle in the center of the flag. The cross divides the flag into four parts, where the upper and lower fields are red and the left and right fields are green. In addition, there are three six-pointed stars in the white circle, which are said to represent the national motto, which reads: “Unity, Work, Progress.” But they can also symbolize the three main ethnic groups of Burundi, which are the Hutus, the Tutsis and the Pygmies. The color green signifies hope for a better future, while red traditionally commemorates the blood shed during past freedom struggles. The white color of the St. Andrew’s cross symbolizes peace.

Burundi Flag

Burundi is a state in East Africa. Inland Burundi is one of the smallest states in Africa. It is located south of the equator on the Watershed between the Nile and the Congo. See Burundi Location on World Map. The history is marked by tribal feuds (Hutsi, vs Tuti). As German East Africa and as a Belgian protectorate, it had been ruled by colonialism since 1884 and gained independence in 1962. The unstable situation in the country repeatedly resulted in bloody massacres between the warring tribes, for example in 1972 and 1993. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Biggest Cities of Burundi by Population

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Bujumbura, Burundi 331,811 -3.3822 29.3644
2 Muyinga, Burundi 71,187 -2.8451 30.3414
3 Ruyigi, Burundi 38,569 -3.47639 30.2486
4 Gitega, Burundi 23,278 -3.4264 29.9308
5 Ngozi, Burundi 21,617 -2.9075 29.8306
6 Rutana, Burundi 21,004 -3.9279 29.992
7 Bururi, Burundi 19,851 -3.94877 29.6244
8 Makamba, Burundi 19,753 -4.1348 29.804
9 Kayanza, Burundi 19,554 -2.9221 29.6293
10 Muramvya, Burundi 18,152 -3.2682 29.6079
11 Cibitoke, Burundi 14,331 -2.8869 29.1248
12 Bubanza, Burundi 12,839 -3.0804 29.391
13 Karuzi, Burundi 10,816 -3.10139 30.1628
14 Cankuzo, Burundi 6,696 -3.2186 30.5528
15 Kirundo, Burundi 6,194 -2.5845 30.0959
16 Rumonge, Burundi 6,185 -3.9736 29.4386
17 Mwaro, Burundi 5,035 -3.51128 29.7033

Burundi: Gitega

The current capital is called Gitega, it is also the second largest city in the country. It was also the capital of the former kingdom of the same name. It has only been the capital since 2018.

According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Burundi used to be called Bujumbura. This city is located on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in the southwest of the country. This is also the administrative center as well as the economic center of the country. The new capital is about 60 kilometers from the old one. It is still the largest city in the country, but just no longer the capital.

Countries neighboring Burundi

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