Largest Cities in Benin
Facts about Benin
Official languages: French
Capital: Porto Novo
Area: 112,620 km²
Population: 9.1 million residents
Population density: 80.41 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .bj
ISO codes: BJ, BEN, 204
The telephone code for Benin is +229
Flag of Benin
The current flag of Benin was first adopted in 1960 when the country achieved independence from France. The flag is composed of three stripes – two horizontal in yellow and red and a vertical green in the pole part of the flag. These colors are traditional pan-African colors where green signifies hope, yellow symbolizes prosperity and red the courage and blood shed during independence struggles. These colors emphasize solidarity towards other African nations. In 1975, a Marxist government came to power in Benin and the country was renamed the Republic of Dahomey. During these times, a green flag with a red star in the upper left corner was used. After the fall of the regime in 1990, the original flag was adopted again.
Benin is a state in West Africa. It borders Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east and the Gulf of Guinea, more precisely the Bay of Benin, to the south. See Benin Location on World Map. Until 1975 the country was called Dahomey. The name is in tradition for the historical kingdom of Dahomey. The former Kingdom of Dahomey was a colony of French West Africa until independence in 1960. In 1990, after 17 years of Marxist-Leninist one-party rule, Benin became one of the first African democracies. Since then, the country has been in a slow process of democratization.
Benin is one of the poorest countries in the world. A little more than a third of the almost ten million Beninese live below the poverty line. In rural areas in particular, poverty is particularly high at around 50 percent of the population.
Benin, one of the least developed countries in the world, faces major challenges in the years to come. These include the fight against poverty, the further decentralization of the state structure, administrative reforms, the fight against corruption and crime, the promotion of women in Benin society, the containment of AIDS and the reduction of the high population growth. In addition, there is the rehabilitation of the economy, the strengthening of the administration and an improvement in investment conditions in order to attract more foreign investors.
Against the background of the UN military intervention in Mali and its support also by the Benin government as well as Benin’s participation in the regional fight against the Boko Haram group, it cannot be ruled out that terrorist groups will be active in Benin.
Biggest Cities of Benin by Population
Benin: Porto Novo
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Benin is called Porto Novo. This is Portuguese and means “New Port”. Porto Novo is in the south of the country. Besides her, Cotonou also plays an important role. That’s where the government sits. As a port city, Cotonou is also of great economic importance. With around 800,000 inhabitants, Cotonou is also larger than Porto Novo (270,000 inhabitants) and the largest city in the country.