Population of Guyana 2021
As of 2021, the latest population of Guyana is 750,204, based on Trackaah calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||0.72%|
|Birth rate||15.40 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||6.39%|
|Median age||25.40 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.99|
|Population density||3.49 residents per km²|
|44% Indian, 30% Afro-Caribbean, 17% mixed race, 9% Indigenous; Portuguese, Chinese and others|
|Christian 50%, Hindu 33%, Muslim 9%, other 8%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.670|
|HDI ranking||123rd out of 194|
People in Guyana
Almost half of Guyana’s residents are of Indian origin (43 percent). This has to do with the fact that the British started bringing farm workers here from their colony in India from 1838 after slavery was abolished. You should now be working on the sugar plantations. You were recruited in India. They were often forced to work. This system was practiced until 1917. Anyone who stayed after their contract had expired received land.
The descendants of the slaves make up the second large population group, the blacks, at 30 percent. Most of them were brought here during the period when Guyana was a Dutch colony. They were not given land after their release. That created tension.
The Indians (Indo-Guyans) and Blacks (Afro-Guyans) are deeply divided. In politics, too, the conflict between the Indian and African ethnic groups continues.
Macushi and other indigenous people
9 percent belong to the indigenous peoples. The Macushi make up the largest group with around 9500 people in Guyana. Others are the Patamona, Pemón, Arawak (Lokono), Caribs (Kalina), Wapishana, Akawaio, Warao and WaiWai. The WaiWai are the smallest group in Guyana with only 170 people. All indigenous peoples of Guyana live across borders, mostly in Brazil and Venezuela, the Caribs also live in Suriname. The Warao live on the coast.
Minorities are Chinese and Portuguese (0.2 percent each).
- Children: Every woman in Guyana has an average of 2.5 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.
- Urban and rural: 29 percent of Guyana’s residents live in cities. This roughly corresponds to the population of Georgetown, which is also the only larger city in the country. The country’s second largest city, Linden, has only 45,000 residents. Most of Guyana’s population lives on the coast. Only in the coastal region are there any (small) cities.
Languages in Guyana
Guyana is the only country in South America whose official language is English. However, the Guyanese Creole language is widespread. It is based on English and is mixed with African, Dutch, indigenous and Indian elements. An example of Guyanese Creole: Dis wata de colcol means “This water is very cold”.
The indigenous peoples have preserved their languages, even if they mostly learn English as a second language. Macushi has the most speakers. Like Akawaio, Karib (Kalina) and Pemón, it belongs to the Caribbean languages. Here are a few words from the Pemón: yuurö means “I”, tuna means “water”, apok means “fire” and aute means “house”.
In addition to English, the population of Indian descent also partly speaks Hindi or Tamil. Chinese is spoken by the immigrant Chinese and their descendants.
Religions in Guyana
56 percent of the population are Christians. 8 percent of them are Catholics. Guyana is one of the countries in South America with the fewest Catholics. 30.5 percent belong to one of the many Protestant churches, and another 17.7 percent belong to other Christian churches. 28 percent are Hindus and 7 percent are Muslim. The others belong to another church or have not given any information.