Population of Guinea 2021

As of 2021, the latest population of Guinea is 12,527,440, based on AllCityPopulation calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Population Distribution

Total population 12,527,440
Population growth rate 2.76%
Birth rate 35.10 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 59.11 years
Men 57.60 years
Women 60.66 years
Age structure
0-14 years 41.40%
15-64 years 54.75%
65 years and above 3.85%
Median age 18.80 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.00
Population density 50.95 residents per km²
Urbanization 34.90%
39% Fulbe (Peul, Tukulör), Manding (24% Malinké; 11% Susu, Kuranko, Dialonke), 7% Kissi, 5% Kpelle and others
Muslims 85%, Christians 8%, indigenous religions 7%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.466
HDI ranking 174th out of 194

People in Guinea

About 20 peoples live in Guinea. The Fulbe have the largest share with 40.3 percent. Mandinka are 25.8 percent of the population and Susu 11 percent. Minorities are the Kissi with 6.5 percent, the Kpelle with 4.8 percent and other small ethnic groups.

Susu live mainly on the coast, Fulbe in the middle of the country and Mandinka in the east (Upper Guinea). In the southeast, the small ethnic groups like the Kissi live in the local rainforest. 36 out of 100 people in Guinea live in the city. So the majority live in the country. However, people are always moving to the cities.

The children of Guinea

Every woman in Guinea has an average of almost five children (4.7). That is much. With us, each woman has an average of only 1.4 children. Children and young people in Guinea make up a large proportion of the population. A little more than half of the population is under 18 years of age.

Infant mortality is 3.1 percent, child mortality 6.5 percent (as of 2018, ours: 0.2 and 0.3 percent). That means: more than three out of 100 newborn children die, more than six out of 100 do not celebrate their first birthday. The numbers have been going down over the past few decades, but they’re still too high.

Languages in Guinea

The official language is French. This is a legacy from colonial times when Guinea was a French colony. Classes are taught in French, all official documents are in French and it is also the dominant language on television.

In addition, over 20 other languages ​​are spoken in Guinea, because every people has its own language. Most of the speakers have Fulfulde, the language of the Fulbe, who also make up the largest proportion of the population. Mandinka speak Mandinka, Susu speak Susu – the peoples often have the same names as their language.

Fulfulde is written with Latin letters, supplemented by other letters such as ɲ, ɓ, ɗ or ƴ. A few examples: Mi andaani means “I don’t know”, Miŋmi ɗo means “I’m here” and whoever says Mi yiddi ñamde hunde wants something to eat (“I want to eat”).

Religions in Guinea

90 percent of the population of Guinea are Muslims, so they belong to Islam. Christians are about five percent. Another five percent follow traditional religions. They believe that their ancestors will continue to influence their lives. They venerate these ancestors and try to make them agree. They practice cults and rituals.

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