Population of Ethiopia 2021

As of 2021, the latest population of Ethiopia is 108,113,150, based on AllCityPopulation calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Population Distribution

Total population 108,113,150
Population growth rate 2.56%
Birth rate 36.50 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 60.00 years
Men life expectancy 57.73 years
Women life expectancy 62.35 years
Age structure
0-14 years 43.21%
15-64 years 53.83%
65 years and above 2.97%
Median age 17.70 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.99
Population density 97.90 residents per km²
Urbanization 15.60%
over 80 ethnic groups: 35% Oromo, 27% Amhara, 6% Somali, 6% Tigray, 4% Sidama, 3% Guragie, 2% each Welaita, Hadiya, Afar, Gamo; 45 Sudan peoples
Muslims 45% -50%; Ethiopian Orthodox 35% -40%, Animists 12%, Others 3% -8%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.470
HDI ranking 173rd out of 194

People in Ethiopia

Around 111 million people of different cultures, languages ​​and religions live in Ethiopia. Most of the residents belong to the Oromo, followed by the Amharen and the Tigray (Tigrinya). Amharen and Tigray mainly live in the high mountains of Ethiopia. This is the old homeland of today’s Ethiopian state.

In total, more than 80 ethnic groups live in Ethiopia. This makes the country a multi-ethnic state. They also include the Somali, Sidama, Wolaytta, Afar and Hadiyya. All of these peoples have their own traditions, language and religion. Some are sedentary, some live as farmers and work their fields. Some people still live as they did hundreds of years ago.

Urban and countryside

Most of the people in Ethiopia live in the countryside. That’s 81 out of 100 people. They mostly live from agriculture. Only 19 out of 100 people live in cities.

Meanwhile, however, the refugee movement towards the cities is great, as in many African countries. Many people then hope to find work there and end up in the slums of the poor outskirts.

A young and rapidly growing population

The population in Ethiopia is growing very rapidly. Each woman has an average of 4.3 children. In 2024, the population will likely number between 136 and 161 million people.

That is why there are many more young people living in Ethiopia than old people. 44 out of 100 people are under 15 years of age and 53 out of 100 people are between 15 and 64 years old. Only three out of 100 residents are older than 64 years. Life expectancy in Ethiopia is not particularly high.

Languages in Ethiopia

The official language is Amharic, the language of the Amhars – although they are not the largest group of the population, but the most powerful. By the way, Amharic is written completely differently than the German language, namely in the Ethiopian script.

There are many other languages ​​spoken in Ethiopia, there should be around 80 languages. Oromo has the most speakers because the Oromo people are the greatest in the country. Tigrinya and Somali are also languages. However, the commercial and business language in Ethiopia is English.

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