Countries Beginning with L

Laos

The shooting star-shaped state of Laos is the only landlocked country in the ASEAN community. More than two thirds of the Laotian population are employed in agriculture and generate almost one third of the gross domestic product in this sector. Tourism is becoming increasingly important.

  • Continent/Region: Southeast Asia
  • Language: Laotian
  • Capital: Vientiane (Viangchan)
  • Currency: Kip (LAK)

Lesotho

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a parliamentary monarchy in southern Africa. Because of its special altitude, the country is also called “The Kingdom in the Sky”. Lesotho is one of the poorest countries in the world. Almost half the population lives on less than one US dollar a day. The UN development program UNDP has set itself the goal of spreading solar energy in rural areas: The resulting electricity makes everyday life easier for people and creates new jobs.

  • Continent/Region: Southern Africa
  • Languages: English, Sesotho
  • Capital: Maseru
  • Currency: Loti (LSL)

Latvia

Latvia is a country in Northern Europe, located in the center of the Baltic States. In 1991 the republic regained its independence from the Soviet Union. In addition to around 62 percent Latvians, 27 percent Russians and Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian minorities live in the country. Latvia has been part of the European Union and the Eurozone since 2004.

  • Continent/Region: North Europe
  • Language: Latvian
  • Capital: Riga
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Lebanon

Lebanon is a state in Western Asia on the Mediterranean. The country is seen as the melting pot of the Orient and Occident. Lebanon has few natural resources, hardly any industry and suffers from severe political conflicts. Nevertheless, the economy is considered stable. New oil and gas deposits have recently been found.

  • Continent/Region: West Asia
  • Language: Arabic
  • Capital: Beirut
  • Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP)

Liberia

Liberia is located in the southwest of West Africa on the Atlantic coast. While Liberia was considered the leading economic nation in Africa after the Second World War, the country is now one of the poorest countries in the world. More than 70 percent of Liberians live self-sufficiently from agriculture. For the first time in years, good economic development was predicted for 2015; However, the outbreak of the Ebola epidemic did not meet expectations.

  • Continent/Region: West Africa
  • Languages: Liberian, English
  • Capital: Monrovia
  • Currency: Liberian dollar (LRD)

Libya

Libya is a state in North Africa, which came into the focus of the world public, especially through the civil war in 2011 and the fall of the dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi. Europeans associate the state with terms like terrorism, LaBelle or the Lockerbie attack. In Africa itself, the image is different: in the past, Libya has repeatedly paid outstanding UN membership fees from poorer African countries and is committed to developing development aid.

  • Continent/Region: North Africa
  • Languages: Arabic, Tamazight
  • Capital: Tripoli (Tarabulus)
  • Currency: Libyan Dinar (LYD)

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is a principality and landlocked state in the Alpine region of Central Europe. The sixth smallest state in the world has a constitutional hereditary monarchy on a democratic-parliamentary basis. Liechtenstein is a member of the European Economic Area (EEA) and thus participates in the internal market of the European Union.

  • Continent/Region: West Europe
  • Language: German
  • Capital: Vaduz
  • Currency: Swiss Francs (CHF)

Lithuania

The Republic of Lithuania is the largest Baltic state with 65,000 square kilometers. In 1990 the country restored its independence from the Soviet Union. In the course of the EU enlargement in 2004, Lithuania became a member state of the European Union, the 19th member of the euro zone since 2015. The most important export items from Lithuania are machines, electrical goods, textiles and food.

  • Continent/Region: North Europe
  • Languages: Russian, Lithuanian, Polish
  • Capital: Vilnius
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a state and a parliamentary democracy in the form of a constitutional monarchy in western Central Europe. It is the last of twelve European grand duchies. It is one of the smallest countries in the EU and the richest in terms of the per capita income of its citizens.

  • Continent/Region: West Europe
  • Languages: French, German, Luxembourgish
  • Capital: Luxembourg
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

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