Countries Beginning with E

Ecuador

Ecuador is a republic in northwestern South America that is seen as the most biodiverse country on earth. Ecuador is the home of the mountain tapir, whose world population is said to have fallen below 1,000 individuals. There are also condors, pumas and spectacled bears. Ecuador is mainly financed by the export of coffee, bananas and petroleum. By contrast, the country largely covers its demand for industrial products through imports.

  • Continent/Region: South America
  • Language: Spanish
  • Capital: Quito
  • Currency: US dollar (USD)

Estonia

Estonia is a country in Northern Europe and the northernmost country in the Baltic States. In 1991 the country regained its independence from the Soviet Union. The official language is Estonian, and in some regions Russian is the predominant language. On September 14, 2003, the Estonians voted to join the European Union. The turnout was 64 percent.

  • Continent/Region: North Europe
  • Language: Estonian
  • Capital: Tallinn
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Egypt

One of the first advanced civilizations in history arose in Egypt. For a long time the country was dominated by foreign rule, but it has been independent again for almost a hundred years. As a result of the “Arab Spring”, the long-standing President Mubarak was overthrown, and in 2013 the military overthrew his elected successor. The country has had a new constitution since the beginning of 2014. In addition to agriculture, the export of oil and tourism are important sources of income.

  • Continent/Region: West Asia
  • Language: Arabic
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

El Salvador

The Republic of El Salvador is the smallest of the five Central American republics, but it is also the most densely populated country. The US dollar has been the official national currency since January 2001. The old currency, the Colón, is still valid, but practically no longer appears.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: Spanish
  • Capital: San Salvador
  • Currency: El Salvador Colon (SVC)

Eritrea

Eritrea is a state in northeastern Africa. The country ranks last on the annual press freedom ranking published by Reporters Without Borders. According to this description, Eritrea is one of the countries with the least freedom of the press.

  • Continent/Region: East Africa
  • Languages: English, Arabic, Tigrinya
  • Capital: Asmara (Asmera)
  • Currency: Nakfa (ERN)

Ethiopia

Ethiopia is considered to be the cradle of humanity and coffee. As part of the late ancient Aksumite empire, it was one of the first Christian kingdoms. Today many religions shape the country, besides Christian denominations, Islam and the Rastafarian community. Coffee is the largest export good, and the OECD expects growth rates of eight to ten percent for the Ethiopian economy in the next few years.

  • Continent/Region: East Africa
  • Language: Amharic
  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • Currency: Birr (ETB)

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