Population of Cambodia 2021
As of 2021, the latest population of Cambodia is 16,926,984, based on Trackaah calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||1.40%|
|Birth rate||23.00 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||63.41 years|
|Men life expectancy||61.01 years|
|Women life expectancy||65.93 years|
|65 years and above||4.37%|
|Median age||24.50 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.94|
|Population density||93.50 residents per km²|
|90% Khmer, 5% Vietnamese, 4% Cham (of Malay origin); Chinese, Thai, Moi, Khmer Loeu (highland Khmer), Lao|
|Theravada Buddhists 95%, Others 5%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.581|
|HDI ranking||146th out of 194|
People in Cambodia
More than 16 million people live in Cambodia and the average age is around 22 years. The population is therefore very young on average. Most of the people belong to the Khmer, that is the original population of Cambodia. About 85 to 90 people belong to the Khmer ethnic group.
Five out of 100 people are Vietnamese. Three in 100 are Cham and one in 100 Cambodians is Chinese. There are also some mountain peoples who are considered to be minorities in the country. One often hears the term “highland Khmer” for these people. They sometimes move around with their animals as shepherds, but also grow rice and vegetables.
It is not exactly known where the Khmer originally came from. In any case, they have lived where they are today since the 2nd century AD. There are always conflicts between the Khmer and the Vietnamese. At the time of French colonial rule in Indochina, the French often preferred the Vietnamese when it came to assigning offices. Many of these Vietnamese live in floating villages on Tonle Sap Lake.
Most of the people settle in the central plains of the country as life in the mountains is very difficult. Three quarters of the population live in the Cambodian Basin, which is only five to 20 meters above sea level.
Only 20 out of 100 Cambodians live in the big cities. The small number of city dwellers is due to the history of the country. The Khmer Rouge killed many people during their rule from 1975 to 1978, especially in the capital Phnom Penh, so that the population fell from 2.5 million to only 20,000. This is still noticeable today.
Languages in Cambodia
Most Cambodians speak Khmer as their mother tongue. However, many in the cities can also speak a foreign language, mostly French. Cambodia was once part of Indochina (look here at history and politics). Some of them now speak English. Vietnamese and Chinese are also spoken. The minorities in Cambodia speak their own language.
Religions in Cambodia
Most of the people in Cambodia are Buddhists, but there are also some Muslims and few Christians. Buddhism was also the state religion of Cambodia until 1995.