|Country||Capital with number of residents|
|Afghanistan||Kabul about 3,700,000 (2016)|
|Bahrain||Manama 398,000 (2014)|
|Bangladesh||Dhaka 17,600,000 (with suburbs 2015), 7,000,000 (without suburbs 2011)|
|Bhutan||Thimphu 114 551 (2017)|
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan 41,000 (2018)|
|Burma||Naypyidaw 1,160,000 (2014)|
|Philippines||Manila 1,780,000 (2015) (including suburbs 12,880,000)|
|United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi (1.1 million, metropolitan area 2014)|
|India||New Delhi 142,000 (2011)|
|Indonesia||Jakarta 10,500,000 (2018)|
|Iraq||Baghdad 6 million (2011)|
|Iran||Tehran 8,700,000 (2016)|
|Israel||Israel considers Jerusalem to be the capital, but with a few exceptions, the outside world treats Tel Aviv as its capital. In 2016, Jerusalem had 865,000 residents and Tel Aviv-Jaffa had 432,900. (2016)|
|Japanese||Tokyo 8,900,000 residents (excluding suburbs 2014)|
|Yemen||Sanaa 2.8 million (including suburbs, 2014)|
|Jordan||Amman 1,200,000 (2014)|
|Cambodia||Phnom Penh 1,700,000 (2015)|
|Kazakhstan||Nursultan (formerly Astana) 1,078,000 (official 2019)|
|China||Beijing 15,600,000 residents (2011)|
|Kyrgyzstan||Bishkek 1,012,500 (2019)|
|Kuwait||Kuwait City about 2.4 million with suburbs (2011)|
|Laos||Vientiane 673,000 (with suburbs, 2019)|
|Lebanon||Beirut 1,900,000 (2010)|
|Malaysia||Kuala Lumpur 7,800,000 (with suburbs, 2019)|
|Maldives||Malé 133 412 (Census 2014)|
|Mongolia||Ulan Bator (Ulaanbataar) (1,463,000)|
|Nepal||Kathmandu 1,200,000 (2015)|
|North Korea||Pyongyang 3,200,000 (2008)|
|Oman||Musqat (125,000 residents, 2012)|
|Pakistan||Islamabad 1,014,800 (2017)|
|Qatar||Doha 1.3 million suburban residents (2014)|
|Saudi Arabia||Riyad 6.2 million (2012)|
|Singapore||Singapore ca 5 600 000 (2017)|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (suburb of Colombo, administrative capital, 108,000 residents, 2012), Colombo (commercial capital, 606,000 residents, 2019)|
|South Korea||Seoul 10,200,000 (2012)|
|Syria||Damascus 2.6 million (2010)|
|Tajikistan||Dusjanbe 893 800 (with suburbs, 2019)|
|Taiwan||Taipei 2,700,000 (2013)|
|Thailand||Bangkok 8,800,000 (excluding suburbs, 2018)|
|Turkmenistan||Ashgabat (Ashgabat) 828,000 (2019)|
|Uzbekistan||Tashkent 2,500,000 (with suburbs, 2019)|
|Vietnam||Hanoi 4,500,000 (2019)|
|East Timor||Dili 222 300 (2015)|
The capital of China is called Beijing (or Bejing) and is located in the north of the country. It plays an important political role in China and is also home to some of China’s top landmarks like the Forbidden City. 21,500,000 people live in the Chinese capital.
India: New Delhi
New Delhi, is the national capital of India.
The capital of Indonesia is called Jakarta and is located on the island of Java. Indonesia’s capital Jakarta is on Java. In addition, the famous and most active volcano Bromo is on Java. The island is very densely populated, which is why many animals have unfortunately been displaced. The Java tiger became extinct around 1980 and other animals typical of Java such as the Java rhinoceros are threatened by this fate.
Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is located on the island of Honshu.
The capital of Pakistan is called Islamabad. The city is not that old yet, as it was only founded in the 60s of the last century. The city was designed and planned on the drawing board. It is not a grown city – with all advantages and disadvantages. There is little evidence of ancient cultures to be discovered in the city and there is no old town. It lacks the narrowness of many Pakistani cities. It looks cleaner and of course more modern. The Faisal Mosque, which was completed in 1984, is famous. It is said to be the largest enclosed mosque in the world.
Manila is located on the Philippine main island of Luzon in the Manila Bay. There are many more people living in the area around the capital than in the city itself. In the city there are around 1.7 million people, in the region more than 11 million.
All of the country’s major institutions can be found in Manila. Theaters, museums and universities are located in Manila. The Pasig River flows through Manila. It is said that Manila is the fourth largest city in the world. In Southeast Asia, only Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is bigger. The city is drowning in traffic because there are too many cars and too few roads. The slums of Manila, where many millions of people live, also paint a sad picture.
Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is located in the European part of the country. In 2010 Moscow had 11.5 million inhabitants. In 2012 two more areas were incorporated, so that Moscow now has a population of 15 million. It is the largest city in Europe. Moscow is also the largest industrial city in Russia.
In the historical center is the Kremlin on Red Square. The president has his official residence in the former fortress. The GUM department store, Lenin’s mausoleum and St. Basil’s Cathedral, one of Moscow’s landmarks, are also located on Red Square.
The Moskva flows through Moscow. The city of Moscow is called the same in Russian, i.e. Moskva. The “o” is spoken like an “a” and the emphasis is on the second syllable: Maskwá.
Moscow is considered one of the most expensive cities in the world. You pay a lot for groceries, but also if you want to rent an apartment or build a house. The tallest building in Europe, the Mercury City Tower, is in Moscow. It is 339 meters high and has 75 floors.
Riyadh – a modern city
Today Riyadh is a modern city with several million inhabitants. Riyadh is the center of Saudi Arabia in economic, cultural and political terms. Here is the palace of the royal family. There are several universities and many museums. Here is also the seat of the Saudi parliament.
Bangkok is the capital of the country. More than ten million people live here. Bangkok literally means “village in the plum grove”, but anyone who looks at the streets of Bangkok today is reminded of anything but a plum grove.
Bangkok is a modern city with traffic noise, dirt, hectic and crowded areas. But in all corners of the city there are small temples and shrines that invite you to pray. They are like resting points in the big city.
The capital of Turkey is Ankara. If you are thinking that this sounds a bit like the word “anchor”, then you are not at all wrong. Because one theory about the naming of the city actually states that a king named Midas is said to have once found an anchor in the area and then named the city after it. Ankara is derived from the Greek word for anchor Ancyra. In addition to this, there are other theories about naming. Today Ankara is one of the economic centers of Turkey.
Other large and important cities are Istanbul and Izmir. Ankara is not very well developed for tourism compared to Istanbul. That is quite unusual for a capital city.